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Wall piece exhibited as a set of two boxes next to one another.

Edition size: 5 sets (ten boxes in total)

Wood (variable), glass, sandblasted text. First set (Imbuia) 2003; second set (American walnut) 2014; third set (partridge wood) 2014.

Measurements for each box: 44 x 54cm long, 18.5cm deep. Space between the two boxes at least 10cm, but variable

Two ballot boxes (dyptich) with the voting mouths sealed up, on each ballot box are eight words describing privileged voting practices that benefit only some voters in a community.


Box 1: gerontocracy: the rule of old men; chirocracy: the rule by the 'strong hand' often at the 'hand' of military force; logocracy: the rule by fancy words (spinning and lobbying); oligarchy: the rule by a small group of privileged persons; plousiocracy: the rule of the wealthy; phallocracy: the rule of men only; coprocracy: Koster's word for "the rule of shits"; hierocracy: the rule by the church


Box 2: chromatocracy: the rule by people of the same skin colour over people of a different colour; kleptocracy: the rule of thieves; hoplarchy: military rule; xenocracy: the rule of foreigners; kakistocracy: rule by the worst citizens; heterarchy: the rule of an alien force; cormorancy: rule by a greedy and oppressive class; albocracy: rule by ‘white’ men or Europeans

Closed Ballot

  • In 2005 I read a fascinating definition of democracy on the notice board of a minority black university in Washington. It said:

    Democracy: Two wolves and a sheep voting over what to have for dinner.


    The feelings and interests of people on the ground are often ignored or bypassed by a cleverly rigged democratic process. In the old Apartheid South Africa white people were hoodwinked by being told that the country was indeed a true democracy when in fact it was an oligarchy (rule by a small group of privileged persons), an albocracy (rule by ‘white’ men or Europeans), even a logocracy (rule by fancy words also called ‘spin’) and perha